UTI in dogs is one of the most common infectious diseases. It is highly painful. In a dog, urinary tract infection can happen due to a number of reasons. As the name suggests, UTI affects the urinary tract of a dog. It mostly happens due to bacterial infections. UTI can affect the urinary tracts of dogs that include the bladder, kidneys, urethra and ureters.
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What is Urinary Tract Infection in Dogs
The entering of bacteria into the urinary bladder of a dog, or a constant exposure to contaminated waste, is one of the most common reasons for UTI in dogs. Unless proper medication is provided, at the right time, it can take an ugly turn and become fatal.
Older dogs are more prone to getting infected with UTI in comparison to younger dogs. Also, since male dogs have a longer urethra and it takes time for bacteria to travel upwards and affect the other parts of the urinary tract, female dogs, which have shorter urethra, can get infected with UTI more frequently.
Causes of UTI in Dogs
Bacteria, fungi and parasites are the major causes of UTI in dogs. When these travel upwards, in the urinary tract of the dog, they affect the bladder, kidneys, ureters and other organs.
Bacterial infection is mostly caused when dogs are exposed to contaminated debri and when feces enter the urethral opening of the dogs.
A weak immune system–due to lack of nutrition–low levels of exercise and activeness, and unbalanced diet, are the major causes of urinary tract infections in dogs.
The leaking of urine from a dog’s body, due to weak muscles and other abnormalities, can also lead to UTI in dogs.
Symptoms of UTI in Dogs
Here are a few common symptoms of dogs’ urinary tract infection:
- Difficulty in urinating. The passing of urine out of the system takes time. Usually the urine is in a cloudy form and may also come out with blood. The amount of urine that comes out is also very less.
- A change in appetite. The appetite may increase or decrease by a huge amount margin. Dogs may be unable to digest food easily and would constantly throw up. They may also face problems in easy breakage and digestion of the food items.
- Dogs may constantly suffer from fever. Their level of activity decreases massively. They tend to feel lethargic and tired, most of the time.
- Sudden weight loss can be seen in them.
- They lose control over their bladder and can be found licking around the urethra opening.
- Their muscles may become sore, stiff, inflamed and they can suffer back pain or muscle pain.
How to Cure Dog Urinary Tract Infection
Curing UTI in dogs depends on the severity of the situation. If the problem is meagre, a small change in the diet or adding something like apple cider vinegar or any other organic, home remedial, can bring about a change and improve their conditions.
However, the best and the foremost thing to do is to take the dogs to veterinarians. Medical supervision is extremely important in such circumstances. It is important that they are treated on time and that they are prescribed with the correct medications, by the correct person.
Dog Urinary Tract Infection, if not treated early, can lead to other issues such as the formation of kidney stones, inflammation of the urinary bladder, cancer formation, bladder diseases, abnormalities in the spinal cord, and more.
Usually, dogs that are above the age of 7 are more susceptible to getting a urinary tract infection.
Therefore, it is important to get the dogs suffering cured, before their situations worsen.