Feeding canine family members is easy for most dog owners. The only consideration most of us make is whether the dog food is recommended for adult dogs or puppies, and we choose appropriately depending on the age of our pets. At times however, dogs need a special diet that is not dependent solely on their age, but rather on the condition of his health. These diets are mostly recommended by your vet, or sometimes you can choose the diet yourself depending on what you want for your dog.
If you own a dog that’s overweight because you have been a bit tied up to take him for walks, you should feed him with food that’s high in proteins and low in carbohydrates. When you combine such a diet with exercises, the dog will gradually lose the extra pounds and go back to a normal and healthy weight.
If you want your dog to add some weight, for example if he has been unwell and has lost a lot of weight, give him a diet that has a low fiber content. When a dog feeds on a diet that is high in fiber, he tends to feel fuller for longer, and he will therefore not eat as much as he should.
Large dog breeds such as Rottweiler’s and German Shepherds tend to have joint problems. If you notice your pet tends to get joint pains, feed him with food that has high fiber content for less weight gain as adding weight can only exacerbate the pain. In addition, his diet should include antioxidants and omega 3 to strengthen his bones.
Omega 3 and antioxidants are also recommended for older dogs to fight free radicals that cause brain changes that result from aging. These dietary supplements keep your furry friend’s brain functioning properly.
For dogs that suffer from kidney disease, feed them with food that is low in phosphorous and sodium to avoid overtaxing their already damaged kidney. Keep their protein intake as low as possible, just enough to keep them functioning, as proteins need the kidney to work harder to clear from the body, which might make the disease worse.
Lower urinary tract disease in dogs calls for a diet that results dilute urine. The diet should also have low amounts of ingredients that cause formation of bladder stones and crystals in the urine such as calcium phosphate and silica.
Food allergies affect a good number of dogs. These dogs have allergic reactions to some ingredients found in dog food. To eliminate the problem, feed them with a special diet that has alternative sources of nutrition, such as food manufactured using venison proteins instead of beef.
Dietary Concerns for Specific Diseases in Dogs