What does neutering your dog mean?
Neutering your male dog or castration involves surgical removal of testes. The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia. An incision is made just in front of the scrotal sac and both the tests are removed. The sac is left in its place. Vasectomy is not preferred because it only makes the dog sterile but doesn’t stop the secretion of male hormones.
A chemical castrating agent is also recently introduced. It has been successful in sterilizing puppies but does not remove male hormones and reduce behavioral signs.
What effects does neutering have on your dog’s behavior?
The only behavior changes you will notice are going to be those that are influenced by male hormones. Do not expect your dog to changes their temperament, personality and ability to work, exercise and socialize.
Castration will take care of your dog’s undesirable sexual behavior. These may include attraction to female dogs excessively, roaming, mounting and masturbation. Research showed that there was an improvement in 70% of the dog’s behavior. Another study showed, castration reduced aggression markedly.
Dogs tend to raise their leg while urinating. While this is a common behavior, instead of emptying all of their bladder, dogs to retain some urine to mark objects as they pass. Some males have a stronger desire to do so and they end up marking indoors. Castrated dogs still urinate while lifting their leg but do not show the desire to mark objects.
If aggression is a major problem for your dog, its better you get them castrated. At the very least, it will prevent reproduction and reduce the chances of passing on genes for aggression. Castration has proven to calm aggressive dogs down and worked in several cases.
What are some additional benefits to castration?
- Castration eliminates the risk of testicular cancers
- Decreases the chances of prostate disease
- Decreases the risk of perineal disease and perineal hernias
- It is a good method to control dog population preventing them from being killed in dog shelters.
What are the risks of neutering your dog?
Even though there aren’t many risks associated with castration and most young dogs recover from it in a healthy manner. Your dog however, should be monitored closely during recovery time. You need to make sure that your dog doesn’t lick the incision line excessively.
When considering castration for older dogs, you must rule out other risk factors of surgery and anesthesia. It is essential to carry out a thorough physical exam, blood and urine tests to rule out other comorbid before taking an older dog into surgery.