Many different types of animals are kept in our homes as pets, ranging from cats and dogs as the most common, to lions and tigers as rarer breeds. In the wild, these animals rely on their instincts to sustain life, and their habitats are suited to their needs. They may never face some difficulties which are common in domesticated breeds. However, when domesticated and put under the care of humans, without the exercise of their instincts, they rely on us to provide care.
Keeping a pet is like raising a child, so take the decision with thought and caution. The required care and time vary with the type of animal. As the years pass with your pet, you will develop a bond with the animal and instinctively know it’s needed. A pet can’t speak and therefore is not able to convey if there is a problem. But you will have to know when and what the animal requires to take the help of professionals like https://veterinarianfriscotx.com/.
Therefore in order to help you figure out the changes or, in severe cases, some illnesses in your pet may be suffering from, there are five signs listed below that will assist you in identifying the symptoms, causes, and solutions for such problems.
Excessively scratching, biting, or licking is not normal, and if your pet is continuously doing it, you should be concerned. Your pet will have no control over its urge to scratch and will need help in eradicating the problem. Fleas and ticks are a common problem with all pets and can be the cause of excessive scratching. These can be caused by a variety of reasons, including lack of grooming or dirty surroundings. When you notice this behavior, get the animal checked. If ticks and fleas are found, comb the fur in the opposite direction to expose skin and spray anti-flea powder. Excessive itching may also be caused by allergies or skin infections, which may be apparent from the presence of red areas on the skin of the animal. Animals, just like humans, can also be allergic to some foods and their environment. Work with a veterinarian to manage the symptoms in your pet and determine the cause of the allergy or infection.
Cats and dogs do not cry as an emotional response like humans. They do have tear ducts to keep the eyes to function properly, but the water flows back into their nasal cavity and does not normally flow out. In an article from Parade magazine, veterinarian Dr. Sheri Morris of Oregon emphasizes that tears in cats are an exclusive response to an injury or illness, usually associated with their eyes. If tear ducts are blocked, tears will run down the animal’s face. This is called epiphora. Your pet may also have an eye infection or a scratched cornea causing excess tears and overflow onto the face. In addition to tears, you may catch your pet blinking and squint excessively. Irritants may also cause red eyes and tears. You should seek help from a veterinarian if you observe redness in or near the eyes or tears coming down your pet’s face.
Change in behavior
It would help if you looked out for changes in the habits and behavior of your pet as these changes may be a pet’s cry for help. Sleeping patterns may change if an unbearable pain makes it impossible for the pet to sleep. The pain could be caused by a range of factors, including arthritis, infections, or disease. Therefore your pet should be helped in maintaining a painless position to sleep. A pet in pain may also resort to hiding, which will immediately be noticed as unusual behavior. If the pet is injured, even a docile pet that has never shown a sign of harm may show aggression as an impulse to protect itself. If you suspect an injury, gently prod over its body to check for injuries. Brain Tumours and some infections have known to cause such behavioral changes. Likewise, lethargy in otherwise active animals should also not be ignored. Too much sleep can also be alarming because the animal may have trouble moving around. When you see such behavioral changes in your pet, your first impulse may be to reach for a trainer, but it will be wiser to consult a veterinarian instead.
Digestion and stool
Feces of the animal can be examined to see signs of health problems. Normal stool is firm. It will be liquid-like if the animal has diarrhea. Diarrhea is a sign that your pet may have a food allergy, intolerance to some food, or an infection. Dogs are commonly intolerant to milk as they are not evolved to drink cow’s milk. Too little stool is a sign of constipation, which may be due to several factors, including intestinal obstruction. Intestinal obstruction may be fatal if not treated in time. An abnormal amount of mucus on the stool may be a sign of infection. Any color other than brown should be a matter of concern. Bird feces is usually of green color with a little hint of white in it. Signs of illness in a bird will mostly be visible through its feces. Too much liquid and change in composition and color will also be of concern in bird feces.
Change of gum color
Both cats and dogs normally have pink gums. When pressed with the index finger, the gums should turn to a pale pink and quickly return to normal. Blue gums indicate a lack of oxygen in the gums, which may be caused by pneumonia, congestive heart failure, or other respiratory illness. Bright red gums indicate that the animal is overheated. There may also be growths on gums, which may also be cancerous. These growths may also cause trouble for the animal in chewing food. Diseases such as stomatitis and gingivitis may cause bleeding gums. All these signs should not be ignored, and a veterinarian should be consulted to fix the cause.
It is imperative to raise a pet when you have the availability of resources. It is a huge responsibility but is often not seen as one. With the recent surge in animal shelter homes, animal protection rights authorities, animal cafes, and grooming centers, there have been more regulations towards their rights, which ensure that their standard of living is equally important.